Education Law

Legal Practice


Office:  (248) 457-7000



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Our experienced education law team

The Giarmarco, Mullins & Horton law firm was founded on the strength of our education law practice group, which has only grown in skill and success through our 50 years of practice. We are proud to be one of Michigan’s foremost education law firms, with decades of experience representing and serving public school districts, charter schools, intermediate school districts, independent schools, and universities through a comprehensive list of legal issues.

Our experienced Education Law Attorneys:


General School Law Compliance

School districts, charter schools, and universities are large entities that require careful guidance in order to grow and flourish as exceptional education institutions. For help ensuring compliance and for representation regarding general school law compliance legal issues, call the Giarmarco, Mullins & Horton education law practice group.

  • Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act
  • Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
  • Conflicts of Interest and Compatibility of Offices
  • Fingerprinting and Criminal Background Checks
  • School Election Laws
  • Crisis Management and Response
  • Safety and Security
  • Board Policies & Administrative Guidelines
  • Board Governance
  • Public School Legislation and Laws
  • Michigan Revised School Code
  • Freedom of Information Act
  • Open Meetings Act
  • Robert’s Rules of Order

school business law

Many forget that schools and universities are businesses, too. At Giarmarco, Mullins & Horton we know that contracts, real estate issues, and school election laws have a huge impact on the everyday operations and functionality of your school. Our education law attorneys are here to help you navigate the complicated legal issues related to the business of running a school. Here are just a few of the education business law issues we can help with:

  • Purchasing and Competitive Bidding
  • School Construction and related professional services contracts
  • Real Estate Issues
  • Leasing
  • Land Use Regulation
  • Cell Tower Leasing
  • Telecommunications
  • Retirement & Employee Benefits
  • Technology
  • Outsourcing of Non-Instructional  Services
  • Pupil Transportation
  • Food Services
  • Facility Operations & Management
  • Maintenance
  • Intellectual Property
  • Environmental Regulations
  • Educational Foundations & Charitable Giving
  • Contract Drafting
  • School Election Laws

labor law

Educational labor law is a complex issue affecting many parties, from administrators to teachers to students, parents, and of course, the school itself. For quality, experienced representation you can trust, choose the Giarmarco, Mullins & Horton team to represent your school, school system, or university in the following:

  • Collective Bargaining
  • Administrative of Collective Bargaining Agreements
  • Grievance Arbitrations
  • Mediation & Fact Finding
  • Unfair Labor Practice Charges
  • Union Campaigns & Elections


Hiring staff, teachers, and professors is one of the most important and delicate aspects of running a school or university. Make sure your education facility is hiring the right people, in the right way. Consult with the GMH Education Law Practice Group for the education employment advice you need to properly employ and retain new staff. We handle every legal issue related to education employment, and would be happy to offer our advice and expertise in any of the following areas:

  • State Wage & Hours Laws
  • Social Media
  • Unemployment Compensation
  • Teacher & Staff Evaluations
  • Employee Discipline
  • Harassment/Bullying
  • Freedom to Work
  • Weapons in School
  • First Amendment & Establishment Clause
  • Occupational Safety & Health Investigations
  • Employee Discipline & Investigations
  • Federal & State Equal Employment Opportunity Laws
  • Employee Handbooks & Personnel Policy Manuals
  • Employment Contracts
  • Severance Agreements
  • Employment Counseling & Training
  • Family & Medical Leave Act
  • Disability Accommodations
  • Criminal Background Checks
  • Fair Labor Standard Act 


Employment Benefits, Compensation & Tenure

Legal concerns surrounding education employment are often murky and complex. If your school is revisiting employment benefits, compensation, or tenure, is looking for help establishing policy, or would like representation defending a current policy, don’t hesitate to get in touch with the GMH Education Law Practice Group. We have the experience, education, and results-driven approach necessary to support your school.

  • Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act Compliance
  • Public Acts 54 and 152 of 2011
  • 403 (b) Plans
  • Section 125 Cafeteria Plan Compliance
  • Compliance with the Michigan Teachers’ Tenure Act
  • Filing of Teacher Tenure Charges
  • Representation before the Michigan Teacher Tenure Commission

education law litigation

As Michigan’s largest public school attorney, Giarmarco, Mullins & Horton has the experience and the resources to handle any education law litigation case you may be defending. Whether you’re looking for advice from a trusted legal resource or you’re in need of education law representation, the GMH team has represented more Michigan schools than any other firm, and we would love to help you too. Here are a few of the education law litigation areas we can provide representation for:

  • Whistleblowers’ Protection Act
  • Civil Rights Litigation under Federal and State Civil Rights Laws, including alleged discrimination based on race, color, age, sex, national origin, disability, religion, pregnancy, marital status, height and weight
  • Compliance Audits by the Office of Civil Rights Wage and Hour Laws Administrative Proceedings
  • Michigan Employment Relations Commission
  • Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
  • Michigan Department of Civil Rights
  • Teacher Tenure Commission
  • Michigan House/Wage Division
  • U.S. Department of Labor
  • Occupational Safety & Health Administration
  • U.S. Department of Education